Steps to Install Sod
- Contact a local TPI member regarding specific soil needs
- Remove all debris from the area
- Grade area to desired contours
- Rototill or spade area to the depth of 10-15 cm (4-6″)
- Eliminate drainage problems by having soil slope away from foundations, etc.
- Peat Moss can be added to improve the composition of the soil. Use 2 to 4 bales of 6 cu. ft. size per 100 sq. metres if desired
- Soil test your lawn with the assistance of a qualified service in your area. Top Soil should be available to a depth of 8 to 10 cm. If this amount of top soil is not available, it must be added.
- Prepare the soil by rototilling to a depth of 8 to 10 cm. rototilling first one way, and then the other way.
- Add Fertilizer, lime, peat, compost, etc. as needed at the rate of 10 Kilograms per 100 sq. metres and rototill or rake to a depth of 7-10 cm.
- Recommend fertilizer 5-20-20 or similar ratio. Rake top 3 cm. to a smooth, even surface, and roll lightly to show up any depressions.
- Rake and smooth the soil, removing rocks, roots and large clods
- Roll the area lightly with a lawn roller 1/3 full of water to firm surface and reveal areas that need more soil
- Keep the grade 2-3cm (1″) below sidewalks or driveway
- Water the prepared area to settle soil and provide a moist base for turf to a depth of 15cm (6″)
- Sod should be laid as soon as possible. Never later than 24 hours after delivery.
- Have the ground completely prepared before you order your sod.
- People who are not accustomed to physical labour should pace themselves accordingly and if necessary get help from friends.
- Stack the sod in the shade, or cover with moist burlap, if not laid in 8 hours.
- Locate a straight line, such as a curb or driveway, or run a taut string up the middle of the area to be sodded.
- Work along this line to establish the first row.
- With a rake, smooth the area immediately ahead of sodding.
- Lay in Brick-Work fashion. Make sure all joints are butted tightly together without overlapping.
- Staking is advisable on extreme slopes.
- To fit non rectangular edges, and small areas, cut the sod with a knife or hatchet.
- Go over the area with a one-third filled roller to press the roots to the soil.
- Saturate the area with water immediately. One liter of water in the first hour does more than six liters three hours later. See the new sod watering schedule here.
- Your newly sodded lawn generally needs mowing after 6-7 days. Now that you have established your lawn of freshly cut sod, grown by a qualified nursery sod grower you must decide how good a lawn you want.
* If it is to be a top maintenance lawn you should follow the entire program outlined above.
* If you want a minimum maintenance lawn, attention to the first three points is sufficient.
Your new sod lawn increases your property value significantly. With proper care, it will remain a great asset, providing beauty, a clean playing surface and an improved environment.
Here are some tips to keep your new lawn healthy after you install sod:
– Mow turf often – generally no more than a 1/3 of grass height ( generally 1.5-2″ mowing height)
– Keep your mower blade sharp
– Follow local TPI mowing recommendations for your type of lawn
– Fertilizer and chemical applications will depend on climate, sod type, soil, insects, weed, and disease conditions
– For fertilizer and maintenance requirements, consult with our staff A&M Sod Supply is a TPI Member.